How Is Cytology Useful In Taxonomy?

What is a cytology?

Cytology is the exam of a single cell type, as often found in fluid specimens.

It’s mainly used to diagnose or screen for cancer.

It’s also used to screen for fetal abnormalities, for pap smears, to diagnose infectious organisms, and in other screening and diagnostic areas..

Which chromosomal characters play important role in classification of plants?

ADVERTISEMENTS: Ophioglossum species (Pteridophyte) has the highest number of chromosomes in the plant kingdom (2n = 1240). This great diversity of chromosome numbers and their relative constancy within populations and species provide an important character for taxonomic groupings of large number of plants.

What is the process of taxonomy?

Answer: Taxonomy is the practice of identifying different organisms, classifying them into categories and naming them. So, the first step in taxonomy would be identification. We would first identify the organisms, classify them, note down their characteristics and then give the scientific names.

What are the functions of taxonomy?

The three functions of taxonomy include, identification, nomenclature and classification (Fig. 1.2). Its main aim is to provide a convenient method of identification and communication about a taxa and provide a classification which is based on natural affinities of plants as far as possible.

Why is a taxonomy important?

Taxonomy entails the description, naming, and classification of living things. … Well, it helps us categorize organisms so we can more easily communicate biological information. Taxonomy uses hierarchical classification as a way to help scientists understand and organize the diversity of life on our planet.

What is taxonomic evidence?

In Taxonomy, evidence is the information used in context for a purpose such as identification or classification. … Such taxonomic information can be realised in many ways to prove a hypothesis, solve a problem, characterize a taxon, classify a group of plants or derive evolutionary relationship among plants.