What Does Stasi Mean?

How many Stasi members were there?

The Stasi kept files on about 5.6 million people.

The Stasi had 90,000 full-time employees who were assisted by 170,000 full-time unofficial collaborators (Inoffizielle Mitarbeiter); together these made up 1 in 63 (nearly 2%) of the entire East German population..

Why did people escape East Germany?

Escapees had various motives for attempting to flee East Germany. The vast majority had an essentially economic motive: they wished to improve their living conditions and opportunities in the West. Some fled for political reasons, but many were impelled to leave by specific social and political events.

How many American died in the war?

OverviewWar or conflictDateTotal U.S. deathsTotalWorld War I1914–1918116,516North Russia Campaign1918–1920424American Expeditionary Force Siberia1918–192032868 more rows

What are the Stasi files?

The Stasi spied on almost every aspect of East Germans’ daily lives, and it carried out international espionage. It kept files on about 5.6 million people and amassed an enormous archive.

How many people were killed by the Stasi?

Authorities in communist East Germany were responsible for the deaths of 1,393 people between 1961 and its demise in 1989, 46 more than previously thought, researchers said Wednesday.

What is the German FBI called?

The Federal Intelligence ServiceThe Federal Intelligence Service (German: Bundesnachrichtendienst; German pronunciation: [ˌbʊndəsˈnaːχʁɪçtnˌdiːnst], BND) is the foreign intelligence agency of Germany, directly subordinated to the Chancellor’s Office.

What methods did the Stasi use?

Tactics included questioning, repeated stop and searches, strange noises on telephone lines, conspicuous visits to the workplace so that bosses and colleagues were aware of the police interest etc.

Who was the first person to die crossing the Berlin Wall?

Peter FechterPeter Fechter (14 January 1944 – 17 August 1962) was a German bricklayer who became the twenty-seventh known person to die at the Berlin Wall….Killing of Peter Fechter.Peter FechterBorn14 January 1944 Berlin, Nazi GermanyDied17 August 1962 (aged 18) Zimmerstrasse near Friedrich/Zimmerstrasse border crossing Checkpoint Charlie5 more rows

Who controlled East Germany?

East Germany’s political and economic system reflected its status as a part of the Eastern Bloc of Soviet-allied Communist countries, with the nation ruled by the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED) and operating with a command economy for 41 years until 3 October 1990 when East and West Germany were unified with …

What does BND stand for in Germany?

BundesnachrichtendienstBND, abbreviation of Bundesnachrichtendienst, German: “Federal Intelligence Service”, foreign intelligence agency of the West German government.

What was the purpose of the Stasi?

Its purpose was to stamp out ruthlessly any dissent in the German Democratic Republic, described by Sir Alec Douglas-Home as “neither German, nor Democratic, nor indeed is it a republic.” It was in fact a totalitarian Communist dictatorship, like the other Soviet satellite states of Eastern Europe.

Does the Stasi still exist?

The building was a Soviet prison from 1946, and from 1951 until 1989 it was a Stasi remand centre. It officially closed on 3 October 1990, the day of German reunification.

What is the secret police of Russia?

7 December] 1917) a secret political police, the Cheka, led by Felix Dzerzhinsky. It gained the right to undertake quick non-judicial trials and executions, if that was deemed necessary in order to “protect the Russian Socialist-Communist revolution”.

What were the secret police called in Germany?

GestapoThe Geheime Staatspolizei (Secret State Police), abbreviated Gestapo (German: [ɡəˈʃtaːpo]; /ɡəˈstɑːpoʊ/), was the official secret police of Nazi Germany and in German-occupied Europe.

Can you own a gun in Germany?

According to the Weapons Act, you need a weapons possession card (Waffenbesitzkarte) to own or buy a firearm and a weapons license (Waffenschein) to use or carry a loaded firearm. … But for those with a gun license, German law has no provision stipulating whether a gun must be concealed or loaded in public or not.

What was the death strip?

The 27-mile portion of the barrier separating Berlin into east and west consisted of two concrete walls between which was a “death strip” up to 160 yards wide that contained hundreds of watchtowers, miles of anti-vehicle trenches, guard dog runs, floodlights and trip-wire machine guns.

How many people died trying to cross the Berlin Wall?

80 peopleDuring the history of the Berlin Wall (1961 to 1989), nearly 80 people were killed trying to cross from East to West Berlin. East German officials always claimed that the wall was erected to protect the communist regime from the pernicious influences of Western capitalism and culture.

Do cops in Germany carry guns?

Depending on the certain state police regulation, German police officers may be authorized to carry their department-issued firearms while off duty. … In their private properties, the officers are required to have a safe to store their gun while not carrying it.