Who Is Plato In Psychology?

What is Plato known for in psychology?

Plato (427—347 B.C.E.) Plato is one of the world’s best known and most widely read and studied philosophers.

It is most of all from Plato that we get the theory of Forms, according to which the world we know through the senses is only an imitation of the pure, eternal, and unchanging world of the Forms..

Who was Aristotle in psychology?

Aristotle (c. 384 B.C. to 322 B.C.) was an Ancient Greek philosopher and scientist who is still considered one of the greatest thinkers in politics, psychology and ethics. When Aristotle turned 17, he enrolled in Plato’s Academy. In 338, he began tutoring Alexander the Great.

What were Plato’s main ideas?

Plato believed that reality is an imperfect reflection of a perfect ideal called the Forms. He demonstrates the effect of this dual reality and the need for education in his Allegory of the Cave. Like the dualism of reality, Plato also believed that humans are of a dual nature: body and mind.

What was Plato’s method of teaching?

Plato, one of Socrates’s students, taught by writing dialogues in which teachers asked questions. In this so-called dialectic method, a teacher asks questions that help students define terms.

What did Aristotle say about psychology?

He takes psychology to be the branch of science which investigates the soul and its properties, but he thinks of the soul as a general principle of life, with the result that Aristotle’s psychology studies all living beings, and not merely those he regards as having minds, human beings.

What does Aristotle mean by soul?

A soul, Aristotle says, is “the actuality of a body that has life,” where life means the capacity for self-sustenance, growth, and reproduction. If one regards a living substance as a composite of matter and form, then the soul is the form of a natural—or, as Aristotle sometimes says, organic—body.

On which point do Plato and Aristotle agree?

Answer Expert Verified. Plato and Aristotle here agree on two points : a : They both approved an aristocratic rule. The Plato believed in philosopher king-rule by reason and wisdom while as Aristotle advocated in rule by merit i.e aristocracy.

What are the main ideas of Aristotle?

Aristotle’s philosophy stresses biology, instead of mathematics like Plato. He believed the world was made up of individuals (substances) occurring in fixed natural kinds (species). Each individual has built-in patterns of development, which help it grow toward becoming a fully developed individual of its kind.

What did Plato and Aristotle disagree on?

Plato believed that concepts had a universal form, an ideal form, which leads to his idealistic philosophy. Aristotle believed that universal forms were not necessarily attached to each object or concept, and that each instance of an object or a concept had to be analyzed on its own.

What is Plato’s belief?

Plato believed that it is only philosophers who should rule over the lands. Plato believed that only people who have been proven time and time again to make judgments that are in the best interests of society without clouding their judgment with personal interests should be fit to rule.

What did Plato focus on?

In metaphysics Plato envisioned a systematic, rational treatment of the forms and their interrelations, starting with the most fundamental among them (the Good, or the One); in ethics and moral psychology he developed the view that the good life requires not just a certain kind of knowledge (as Socrates had suggested) …

Is Plato psychologist?

Plato’s psychology is nativistic but leaves ample room for developmental influences. He explicitly endorses a multistage theory of cognitive development.

Who is Plato and why is he important?

The Athenian philosopher Plato (c. 428-347 B.C.) is one of the most important figures of the Ancient Greek world and the entire history of Western thought. In his written dialogues he conveyed and expanded on the ideas and techniques of his teacher Socrates.

Who is better Plato or Aristotle?

Plato by far has contributed more to society than Aristotle. … Aristotle was not read by his contemporaries, but rather the words of Socrates were highly sought after and paid for. Socrates was the father of logic and philosophy (love of wisdom). Plato was his apt student and Aristotle did not learn well from either.

Is Plato and Aristotle the same person?

For some 20 years Aristotle was Plato’s student and colleague at the Academy in Athens, an institution for philosophical, scientific, and mathematical research and teaching founded by Plato in the 380s. Although Aristotle revered his teacher, his philosophy eventually departed from Plato’s in important respects.